Ballarat, Victoria, 12 December 2017.
Author: Wind & Sky Productions
New film and digital exhibition celebrates Victoria’s Chinese goldrush history
An ambitious online project called Many Roads brings together the collections of eighteen Victorian cultural organisations, both metropolitan and regional, to tell the story of the Chinese on the goldfields of Victoria.
In the 1850s thousands of Chinese journeyed to the fabled goldfields of central, northern , northeastern and western Victoria. ‘The gold was what drew them here,’ says Anita Jack, General Manager of the Golden Dragon Museum and great grand daughter of a goldrush-era Chinese migrant. ‘Here in Bendigo at the peak of the gold rush a quarter were Chinese. The other three quarters were people from America, Europe, New Zealand, all across the world. It was a very multicultural time.’Read More
Commissioned by: Culture Victoria
Length: 11.35 minutes
In the 1850s tens of thousands of Chinese people flocked to Victoria, joining people from around the world who came here chasing the lure of gold. Fleeing violence, famine and poverty in their homeland they sought fortune for their families in the place they called ‘New Gold Mountain’. Facing discrimination and injustice they carved out lives in this strange new land.
The Chinese took many roads to the goldfields. They left markers, gardens, wells and place names, some which still remain in the landscape today. At the peak migration point of the late 1850s the Chinese made up one in five of the male population in fabled gold mining towns of Victoria such as Ballarat, Bendigo, Castlemaine, Beechworth and Ararat. It was not just miners who took the perilous journey. Doctors, gardeners, artisans and business people voyaged here and contributed to Victoria’s economy, health and cultural life.
Many Roads: Stories of the Chinese on the Goldfields of Victoria showcases the extent of the Chinese influence in the making of Victoria, which reaches farther back than many have realised.
The all-digital project features an eleven minute film featuring curators, historians and Chinese Victorian descendants, two extended audio interviews and one extended video interview with key experts, a digital gallery featuring a hundred images of artefacts, documents, photographs and illustrations from museums, galleries and historical societies, and six essays written by Victorian historical experts. The story canvasses the discrimination the Chinese faced and the famous overland treks the Chinese were forced to take to get to Victoria, but also the various positive ways the Chinese contributed to the economy and culture of Victoria.
All items in the digital exhibition are free to watch, show and share from the link https://cv.vic.gov.au/stories/immigrants-and-emigrants/many-roads-stories-of-the-chinese-on-the-goldfields-of-victoria/ .
The project was commissioned by Culture Victoria, an online platform that shares the stories held by collecting organisations across the state. It was produced by Ballarat-based production company Wind & Sky Productions in collaboration with the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, the Gold Museum- Sovereign Hill Museums Association, the Golden Dragon Museum Bendigo and the Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre Ararat.
The story’s 11 minute documentary film explores the story of Chinese people in the Victorian gold rush, uncovering the routes the Chinese took to seek gold, the lives they lived and the sort of people they were.
The film contains beautiful montages of archival images, illustrations and photographs from Victoria’s regional collections. It features interviews with Cash Brown, Curator and Conservator at the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, Anita Jack, General Manager of the Golden Dragon Museum and great grand daughter of a goldrush-era Chinese migrant, Professor Keir Reeves, Director, Collaborative Research Centre in Australian History, Federation University Australia, and Heather Ah Pee, Former Coordinator, Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre and related by marriage to a goldrush era Chinese forebear.
An extended video feature includes a full interview with historian Anna Kyi on attitudes towards Chinese migration from the 19th century to the present, harmony and conflict on the goldfields and the complexity of the Eureka story.
- Creative Producers:
- Lucinda Horrocks and Jary Nemo
- Commissioning Editors on behalf of Culture Victoria:
- Eleanor Whitworth and Dimity Mapstone
- Production Company:
- Wind & Sky Productions
- Project Manager:
- Jary Nemo
- Digital Gallery Curator:
- Lucinda Horrocks
- Film Director:
- Jary Nemo
- Heather Ahpee, Cash Brown, Anita Jack, Anna Kyi and Keir Reeves
- Essay Contributors:
- Cash Brown, Fred Cahir, Ian Clark, Liz Denny, Anna Kyi and Benjamin Mountford
- Research Advisors:
- Cash Brown, Fred Cahir, Snjezana Cosic, Liz Denny, Yvonne Horsfield, Anna Kyi, Elizabeth Marsden, Leigh McKinnon, Benjamin Mountford, Rick Mitchell, Diann Talbot, John Tully and Charles Zhang
- Produced in collaboration with:
- the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, the Gold Museum- Sovereign Hill Museums Association, the Golden Dragon Museum and the Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre
- Contributing Organisations:
- Art Gallery of Ballarat, Bendigo Chinese Association, Bright and District Historical Society, Chinese Museum, Creswick Museum, Dunolly Museum, Golden Dragon Museum, Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre, Library of Congress, Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, Museums Victoria, Myrtleford and District Historical Society, National Library of Australia, Newstead Historical Society, Public Record Office Victoria, Sovereign Hill Museums Association and State Library of Victoria
- Camera, Sound, Editing and Post Production by:
- Jary Nemo
- Story Research, Interviews and Digital Gallery Content Written by:
- Lucinda Horrocks
- Additional Digital Gallery Content Written by:
- Cash Brown, Liz Denny and Yvonne Horsfield
- Digital Content Upload and Assistance:
- Sharon Turley
- Content Management System Co-Ordinator:
- Dimity Mapstone
- With Thanks to:
- Kay Adams, Lauren Bourke, Sam Brown, Fred Cahir, Angela Campbell, Ian Clark, Snjezana Cosic, Jan Croggon, Kate Dunn, Andrew Evans, Peter Freund, Margaret Fullwood, Luke Grimes, Henry Gunstone, Yvonne Horsfield, Sam Henson, Jemma Holcombe, David Hood, Bill Horrocks, Heather Horrocks, Julie Kilpatrick, Elizabeth Liddle, Hong Lim, Geoffrey Lord, Lucy Lv, Samantha Mackley, Elizabeth Marsden, Sarah Masters, Pauline McCall, John McDonald, Moya MacFadzean, Kathryn McKenzie, Julie McLaren, Gordon Morrison, Bill Moy, Jim Oastler, Philippa O’Halloran, Dennis O’Hoy, Michelle Philips, Anne Rowland, Padmini Sebastian, Kylee Smith, Jane Smith, Michelle Smith, Diann Talbot, John Taylor, John Tully, Sharon Turley, Mindy Meng Wang, John Watson, the Chinese Australian Cultural Society Ballarat, the Chinese Community Council of Australia Victoria, the Bendigo Chinese Association, the Bright and District Historical Society, the Myrtleford and District Historical Society, the Ballarat Historical Society, Ararat City Council, Ballarat City Council, Bendigo City Council, Federation University Australia, La Trobe University, the Art Gallery of Ballarat, Creswick Museum, Dunolly Museum, Museums Victoria and Public Record Office Victoria
- Film Shot on Location at:
- Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, Ballarat, Golden Dragon Museum, Bendigo, Gold Museum and Sovereign Hill, Ballarat, Wind & Sky Productions Studio, Ballarat
- This project was created for Culture Victoria with the support of the Victorian Government through Creative Victoria. Project production and development took place on the traditional lands of the Wadawurrung, Djab Wurrung and Dja Dja Wurrung peoples. We would like to acknowledge these traditional owners and pay our respects to their Elders, past and present.
- Copyright with:
- Wind & Sky Productions ©2017 unless otherwise acknowledged.
In a session not to be missed at the Ballarat Writers Festival, Lucinda Horrocks interviews the Australian academic and novelist Dennis Altman AM, one of the world’s most influential writers on sexuality and politics.
In this session Dennis will talk about LGBT rights in a global era, the gay civil rights movement and democracy, and will look back on the era of 1970s gay liberation and the publication of his first influential work Homosexual: Oppression & Liberation.
Where: Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, 102 Stawell Street South, Ballarat, Victoria, 3350.
When: Sunday 22nd October, 2:30pm-3:30pm.
Tickets: Festival Day Pass $50/$45/$40 | Festival Weekend Pass $80/$75/$70Read More
Wind & Sky Productions is delighted to be part of the month-long Australian Winter Festival this July at the Salt Bush Kitchen, Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka in Ballarat, Victoria. This four-part lecture series Rethinking The Australian Legend explores how Indigenous Australia influences our contemporary nation to thrive.Read More
In super-exciting news, ‘Out of the Closets, Into the Streets‘ will be screening at the St Kilda Film Festival as part of the Australia’s Top 100 Short Films. The film will be screening at the St Kilda Town Hall on Monday the 22nd May as part of the 6:15 session.
Where: St Kilda Town Hall, Cnr Carlisle Street and Brighton Road, St Kilda.
When: 6:15pm Monday 22 May 2017.
We are honoured to announce that ‘The Last Goodbye‘ is an official selection for the Carmarthen Bay Film Festival in Llanelli, Wales. The film will be screening at the Stradey Park Hotel, Furnace, Llanelli, SA14 4HA on Friday the 12th of May as part of the 2m session
Program and Website: http://www.carmarthenbayfilmfestival.co.uk/
We are delighted to announce that Seeing the Land from an Aboriginal Canoe is a Finalist for two awards, Best Cultural Diversity and Best Documentary Metro at the Setting Sun Short Film Festival. The film will be screening at the Sun Theatre, Yarraville on Friday the 28th of April as part of the 7pm session
Where: 8 Ballarat Street, Yarraville 3013 Victoria, Australia � Tel 03 9362 0999 Fax 03 9362 0337 firstname.lastname@example.org
When: 7 pm – 10 pm Friday 28 April 2017
Tickets: This is a ticketed event Tickets at https://www.suntheatre.com.au/component/yco/?view=movie&movie=SSETTINGSUN%3ABRID
Join us for a special free public screening of the short film ‘Out of the Closets, Into the Streets’ followed by a panel discussion and Q&A session with filmmakers and author and academic Dennis Altman and activist Jude Munro. Proudly part of the 2017 Melbourne Queer Film Festival.
Where: ACMI Studio 1, Federation Square, Melbourne
When: 2:30 pm – 3:30 pm Sunday 26 March 2017
Tickets: This is a free event but it is ticketed. Tickets at http://tix.mqff.com.au/session.asp?s=159Read More
By: Lucinda Horrocks, updated 29 November 2016.
A new digital exhibition using archival images, audio and documentary film recounts Melbourne’s gay liberation.
In 1970s Melbourne a group of students made a stand for gay pride at a time when homosexuality was criminalised and discrimination and abuse was widespread. A new digital exhibition Out of the Closets, Into the Streets explores the moment gay and lesbian people found their voice through the Gay Liberation Movement.Read More
Client: Goanna Arts
This stirring live musical celebration of the Irish in Australia featured specially commissioned documentary visuals and special effects by Wind & Sky Productions.
(Picture, above, Shane Howard, Exile Dress Rehearsal, Hamer Hall, Melbourne, February 2016. Photo by Tim Chmeilewski.)
The Exile Concert
Ireland’s greatest export has been her people and for centuries emigration and exile have been harsh, repeating themes of Irish history.
This live event celebrated the Irish impact on Australian life by bringing together an exciting array of music artists from Ireland and Australia. The enduring influence of the Irish on Australian history, music and politics was recounted through a combination of music, song, documentary film visuals, text and narration.
Almost a third of all Australians claim some degree of Irish descent. Through abundant literature, music, poetry and art, as well as a keen hunger for justice, the Irish spirit has stamped itself on the evolving culture of Australia.
The concert toured Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and Queensland in February 2016 with performers Paul Kelly, Declan O’Rourke, Leah Flanagan, Sean Tyrrell, Shane Howard, Lynnelle Moran, Pauline Scanlon, John Spillane and Aine Tyrrell stirring sell out crowds in the largest concert venues in the country.
‘Exile’ was produced by Goanna Arts and Troubadour Touring and supported by funding from the Culture Ireland. The project was a fitting way to commemorate the centenary year of the 1916 Easter Uprising, the catalyst for Ireland’s nationhood.
There is no denying the contribution that the Irish have made to Australian life. It’s certainly varied but rarely dull.
Documentary Visuals and Effects
Artistic Director Shane Howard of Goanna Arts commissioned Wind & Sky Productions to produce the concert visuals. The ambitious combination of short documentary film segments, text displays and stills covered the history of Ireland and Australia from ancient times to modernity. Wind & Sky Productions producers Lucinda Horrocks and Jary Nemo worked closely with Shane to fine tune the documentary story segments, adding their signature qualities of simple, powerful visual storytelling combined with solid historical research, to the project.
Core documentary content covered Ireland’s golden age, the English conquest of Ireland, colonisation and oppression, convict transportation to Australia, the impact and devastation of the famine, the contrasting experience of Australian Aboriginal people, migration of the Irish to Australia, the influence of the Irish on core events such as the Eureka Stockade, the union movement, Federation, and World War 1 and the enduring legacy of the Irish on Australian society and politics.
The concert also emphasised the stories of three significant Irish Australian heroes: John Boyle O’Reilly the celebrated American poet and escaped convict, the spirited, rebellious Ned Kelly, and the Sisters of St John of God who fought entrenched government racism towards Aboriginal people of the Kimberley in the 1930s.
Each documentary segment, though short, had, in typical Wind & Sky Productions style, a lot going on under each seemingly simple narrative. The visuals provided a fitting and moving context for the live musical performances of traditional and contemporary songs performed by a celebrated line up of Australian and Irish artists.
These live performances intermingled with documentary to powerful effect to sell out crowds at Hamer Hall Melbourne, the Adelaide Festival Centre, the Factory Theatre Sydney and the Queensland Performing Arts Centre in Brisbane in February 2016.
Exile Concert, Hamer Hall, Melbourne, Saturday 20 February 2016.
Exile Concert, Adelaide Festival Centre, Adelaide, Sunday 21 February 2016.
‘A Special evening With…’, Factory Theatre, Marrickville, Wednesday 24 February 2016.
Exile Concert with special guests the QPAC Choir, QPAC, Brisbane, Monday 29 February 2016.
John Dexter, The Great Australian-Irish Songbook: Shane Howard’s Exile, The Adelaide Review, February 4, 2016.
Bronwen Caple, Exile: Songs & Tales of Irish Australia @ Adelaide Festival Centre 21/02/2016, Amplify, Australian Music Network, 22 February 2016.
Honey B, Exile: Songs & Tales of Irish Australia, Adelaide Festival Theatre, Sunday, February 21, Entertainment Hive.
Mark O’Connor, Exile: Songs & Tales Of Irish Australia @ The Factory Theatre Review , scenestr, Friday 26 February 2016.
“Fantastic concert…worth the drive from Cairns,” Lisa O’Mara, Facebook
“Fabulous show.. Very touching, and such amazing talent”, Suzanne Clark, Facebook
“Wonderful, wonderful show in Adelaide on Sunday night. Very touching, fabulous music, great but sad stories that need to be told. Far more than I was expecting”, Chuck Wainright, Facebook
“Saw Exile last night in Adelaide, loved every bit of it, so interesting as well as great music and all the artists were awesome”, Shirley Snelling, Facebook
“A wonderful event. A revelation of the sadness of the past. And also celebration of the joy, and the music, in the hands of true artists.” Kevin Rooney, Facebook
“It was magical night. Worth every penny! Would go to it again.” Gerard Tuffield, Facebook
‘Exile’ concert was produced by Goanna Arts and Troubadour Music with funding from Culture Ireland.
The concert visuals and special effects were produced by Wind & Sky Productions.
Exile Project Credits
- Feature Artists (in order of appearance):
- Pauline Scanlon, Declan O’Rourke, John Spillane, Lynelle Moran, Leah Flanagan, Shane Howard, Sean Tyrell, Aine Tyrell and Paul Kelly
- Ewen Baker
- Michelle Doyle
- Nick Martin
- Lynnelle Moran
- Drums & Percussion :
- Greg Sheehan
- John Hudson
- Button Accordion:
- Paddy Fitzgerald
- Shane Howard
- Sean Tyrrell
- Produced by:
- Teresa O’Brien, Fran Daly and Alicia Massey
- Musical Director:
- Ewen Baker
- Production Manager:
- Sarah Liversidge
- Stage Manager:
- Brock Brocklesby
- Tour Manager:
- Austin Fogarty
- Audio Engineer:
- Brett Doig
- Lighting Design:
- Matt King
- Consulting Historian:
- Edward Ryan
- Traditional Music Consultant:
- Paddy Fitzgerald
- Assistant Artistic Director:
- Steven Richardson
- Original Concept by:
- Shane Howard.
Film Production Credits
- Produced by:
- Shane Howard, Lucinda Horrocks, Jary Nemo and Teresa O’Brien
- Directed and Edited by:
- Jary Nemo
- Written by:
- Shane Howard with Lucinda Horrocks
- Music Direction and Sound Production:
- Shane Howard
- Narrated by:
- Aine Tyrell and Shane Howard
- Irish Translations/Aistriúchán le:
- Edward Ryan/ Éamonn ÓRiain
- Visual Effects by:
- Jary Nemo
- Script Editor:
- Lucinda Horrocks
- Archival Research by:
- Lucinda Horrocks, Teresa O’Brien, Edward Ryan
- Film Music:
- ‘Bean Dubh an Ghleanna’Liam O’Flynn feat. Irish Chamber Orchestra © 1998 Tara Music Company Ltd. Traditional & Original songs performed and arranged by Nick Martin, Ewen Baker, Shane Howard.
- Featured Visual Artists:
- ‘My Australia My Journey’ Series (2015), ‘We R You’ Series (2014), Solo Portraits (2014, 2015), Photographs, by Aldona Kmieć. © Aldona Kmieć. ‘Spirit Ark – Navigation by the Stars’, Linocut (2010) by Arone Meeks. © Arone Meeks. ‘Mount Warrenheip and Eureka Stockade’, Acrylic on Canvas, (2013) by Aunty Marlene Gilson. © Marlene Gilson. ‘Famine’, Sculpture, (1997) by Rowan Gillespie. ‘Portrait of Refugee’, Photograph, (2009), by Alex Proimos. ‘Women and children among Syrian refugees’, Photograph, (2015), by Mstyslav Chernov. Additional stills photography by Teresa O’Brien (2015).
- Film Footage Featured:
- ‘Man of Aran’, 1934, directed by Robert Flaherty, written and edited by John Goldman (Monck), produced by Michael Balcon. Gainsborough Pictures. ‘Story of the Kelly Gang’, 1906, directed by Charles Tait, written by Charles and John Tait, produced by William Gibson, Millard Johnson, John Tait and Nevin Tait.
- Stock Footage, Photographs and Archival Images Courtesy of:
- Adele Howard, Albert Kahn Museum, Art Gallery of Ballarat, Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Australian War Memorial, Ballarat Gold Museum, Big Stock, Bodlean Library, British Library, Broome Historical Society, City of Sydney Archives, Corey Leopold, Geraldine Ryan, Envato, Flickr, Friends of St Brigids Association Inc., Gareth Wray, Graeme Churchard, Internet Archive, Imperial War Museums, Jamie McKew, The Kelly Family, Library of Congress, Luke Durkin, Lynnelle Moran, The Maggie Diaz Collection, Melbourne Diocesan Historical Commission, Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne, Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka, Museum Victoria, National Film and Sound Archive, National Library of Australia, National Library of Ireland, Nicolas Raymond, Norman Archive, Northern Territory Library, Oughterard Heritage, Patrick Fitzgerald, Powerhouse Museum, Public Record Office Victoria, Rijksmuseum, Rob Hurson, Sisters of St John of God Heritage Centre, Broome, Sitomon, Sodacan, South Dublin Libraries, State Library of NSW (Mitchell Library), State Library of Queensland (John Oxley Library), State Library of Victoria, State Library of Western Australia, Toby Hudson, TimJN1, Teresa O’Brien, U.S. Department of State, VectorStock, Vecteezy, Views of the Famine, Video Block, Western Australian Maritime Museum, Western Australian Museum, Wikimedia Commons, Wind & Sky Productions.
- With Grateful Thanks to:
- David Anderson, Lauren Bourke, Basil Cook, Steve Cooney, Snjez Cosic, Gwendolen De Lacy, Martin Flanagan, Rowan Gillespie, Aunty Marlene Gilson, James Griffin, Sister Pat Jacobs, Judi Keneally, Aldona Kmieć, Arone Meeks, Ian Lovell, Rachael Naughton, Uncle Bryon Powell, Tracey Manallack, Sarah Mangan, Julie McLaren, Helen Mary Martin, Bernie Ní Mhuirteagh, Stephen Pigram, Simon Raynor, Mossie Scanlon, Jane Smith, Cíaran Walsh, Aunty Joy Wandin-Murphy, Penney and Logan, Melbourne Arts Centre, Adelaide Festival Centre, St Brigids, Crossley, Alphington Grammar , Ard-Chonsalacht na hÉreann (Consulate General of Ireland), An Roinn Gnóthaí Eachtracha agus Trádála, ( Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade) , Sisters of St John of God Heritage Centre, Broome, Wathaurung Aboriginal Corporation, QPAC and the QPAC Choir. ‘Exile’ production and performances took place on the country of the traditional owners of the land in which we work and live. The producers acknowledge their ancient custodianship and pay respects to their elders, past and present.
- Films produced by:
- Wind & Sky Productions
- ‘Exile’ concert produced by:
- Goanna Arts and Troubadour Music
- Proudly supported by:
- Culture Ireland.